Islam’s most sacred shrine at the centre of the great mosque in Mecca. It is a mass of stone 38 feet high, 40 long and 30 wide (11 x 12 x 9 metres).
Kampuchea, use Cambodia
A measurement of weight in precious stones and of purity in gold in American style: carat in UK.
Kathmandu, not Katmandu, Nepal
Use Bakhtaran for both the city of Kermanshah and the province of Kermanshah, Iran.
Not kerosine. Medium-light distillate used for lighting and heating and to provide fuel for jet and turbo-prop aircraft engines. Called paraffin or paraffin oil in Britain.
ketchup, not catchup or catsup.
Overused as an adjective and usually superfluous.
One word as in keynote speech or keynote address, but it is a tired cliché and best expressed in another way. Explain why the speech is keynote.
Initials of the former Soviet Committee for State Security (Komitet Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti), split up and renamed in 1991. Since then Russian internal and foreign security agencies have been reorganised several times but can still be referred to as successors to the KGB. This does not include the Interior Ministry in charge of the police, which was separate from the KGB in the post-Stalin Soviet Union.
Plural kibbutzim. An Israeli collective settlement.
kickoff, kick off
One word for the noun and two words for the verb.
kidnap, kidnapping, kidnapped, kidnapper
Use kg (no full stop, same singular and plural) at all references. Convert kilograms to pounds for small weights (below 1,000 kg), to tons for larger weights. To convert to pounds roughly multiply by 22 and divide by 10, precisely multiply by 2.205. To convert to tons roughly divide by 1,000, precisely multiply by 0.000984.
Use km (no full stop, same singular and plural) at all references, except in a phrase such as hundreds of kilometres. To convert to miles roughly multiply by 5 and divide by 8, precisely multiply by 0.621.
km per hour
First reference, kph on second and subsequent references.
A measure of explosive force, equal to that of 1,000 tons of TNT. The atomic bomb dropped at Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, was a 12.5 kiloton weapon.
At second reference either the king or the full name, e.g. King Baudouin. Also capitalise the titles of deposed monarchs, e.g. ex-King Zahir Shah.
Formerly Gilbert Islands, West Pacific.
No hyphen and no space.
Lower house of Israeli Parliament.
A measurement of speed, not distance. It describes how many nautical miles (1.15 statute miles) a vessel or aircraft has travelled in one hour. Do not convert to miles per hour. Do not write knots per hour.
Not Calcutta, India.
Capitalised, the Koran.
Koreans put their surname first. In South Korea, the given name follows, hyphenated, and with the initial letter of the first part in upper case and the initial letter of the second part in lower case. Examples: Kim Dae-jung, Roh Moo-hyun, Ahn Jung-hwan. Use the surname only at second reference, e.g. Kim, Roh, Ahn.
In North Korea, the given name follows with no hyphen and the first letter of each part is capitalized. Examples: Kim Jong Un, Ri Sol Ju, Hyun Yong Chol. Use the surname only at second reference, as in South Korea.
There are some rare cases where there is just one monosyllabic given name, for example, Park Seung, where Seung is the given name. When in doubt, follow North Korean convention for North Korean names and South Korean convention for South Korean names.
Use km per hour on first reference, kph on subsequent references.
Ku Klux Klan
A loose-knit organisation of about 40 U.S. groups which claim the supremacy of the white or Aryan race.
Fame, credit or renown. Always singular.
Category: The Reuters General Style Guide
This page was last modified 18:56, 28 October 2013.