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Kaaba

Islam’s most sacred shrine at the centre of the great mosque in Mecca. It is a mass of stone 38 feet high, 40 long and 30 wide (11 x 12 x 9 metres).

key

Overused to describe aides and officials where their status is understood; use titles where possible.

keynote

One word as in keynote speech or keynote address, but it is a tired cliché and best expressed in another way. Explain why the speech is keynote.

kilometre

Use km (no full stop, same singular and plural) at all references, except in a phrase such as hundreds of kilometres.

km per hour

First reference, kph on second and subsequent references.

king

On second reference, either the king or the full name, e.g., King Baudouin. Also, capitalize the titles of deposed monarchs, e.g., ex-King Zahir Shah.

Kolkata

Not Calcutta, India.

Koran

Use Koran for the Muslim holy book. (AP uses Quran). Use alternate spellings only if preferred by a specific organization as part of a name or title.

Korean names

Koreans put their surname first. The given name follows, hyphenated, and with the initial letter of the first part in upper case and the initial letter of the second part in lower case. Examples: Kim Dae-jung, Roh Moo-hyun, Ahn Jung-hwan. Use the surname only at second reference, e.g., Kim, Roh, Ahn. There are some rare cases where there is just one monosyllabic given name, for example, Park Seung, where Seung is the given name.

kph

Use km per hour on first reference, kph on subsequent references.

Kurdistan

Kurdistan is a roughly defined geographic region spanning four different countries - southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), northern Syria (Western Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern Kurdistan), and western Iran (Eastern Kurdistan). The region is defined by ethnicity (Kurds) and language (Kurdish). Some Kurdish nationalist organizations seek to create an independent nation state of Kurdistan, consisting of some or all of these areas. Iraqi Kurdistan first gained autonomous status in a 1970 agreement with the Iraqi government, and its status was re-confirmed as an autonomous entity within the federal Iraqi republic in 2005. There is a province by the name Kurdistan in Iran. Kurds have also taken control of sections of northeast Syria during the revolt against al-Assad.

This page was last modified 20:42, 17 April 2015.

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