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Japanese legal system

Libel and slander laws in Japan are vague. Police confirmation of criminal investigations is rare, except for leaks to an exclusive police agency press club from which foreign media are excluded. Reuters pickups of Japanese media reports would probably not be actionable in Japan but they could be the subject of action in other countries with stricter rules if the plaintiff had a reputation that could be damaged abroad. Suspects in Japan can be held for as long as 48 hours before a formal arrest warrant is issued. The suspect can then be held for a further 72 hours until a prosecutor decides whether there is enough evidence to lay charges. It can then take up to 20 more days before an indictment is obtained.

jargon

Jargon is specialized language unfamiliar to the average reader, e.g., de-escalation, thought leadership, downside risks. Beware the language used by financial professionals. Political and military jargon is riddled with euphemisms to conceal meaning. Unless you are directly quoting someone, turn jargon into clear English. Journalism jargon—newsflow, obits, stringers, paras, rejigs—should not appear in our stories, even in advisories (“corrects para four”). Words like obituary should be written in full. For examples, see jargon.

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Not Jedda or Jidda.

jeep, Jeep

Lower-case for a military vehicle. Upper-case for the brand of civilian vehicle.

Jerusalem

Israelis and Arabs dispute the status of the city. Israel regards Jerusalem as its "eternal and indivisible" capital but that is not recognized internationally. Palestinians want to have the capital of an eventual Palestinian state there. Do not use it as a synonym for Israel, as in the Jerusalem government.

Jesus Christ

Be careful using “Christ” because it is a theological term for Messiah, a title non-Christians would not give him. The combination Jesus Christ is so well know that in most general stories, we can use it on first reference and Jesus after that. Christ on second reference should be limited to strictly Christian theological contexts (see Christ). Using Jesus Christ would not be appropriate in a story about Jewish views of Jesus. In a story about Muslims discussing him, use Jesus Christ only if they do. In no case should we refer to him only as Christ on second reference in general stories or in headlines.

jets

Most modern airliners and military aircraft have jet engines. Do not use such terms as jet airliner or jetliner unless the fact that the aircraft is jet-powered is relevant. It would be more helpful to specify if an airliner or military aircraft is propeller-driven.

jihad

An Islamic holy war or struggle. It can also refer to individual’s moral struggle. Use with extreme care.

jihadi, jihadist

Do not use, except in quotes. Has become a loaded term.

John F. Kennedy International Airport

Kennedy International Airport or Kennedy Airport are acceptable on first reference; “JFK” OK thereafter or in headlines if context is clear.

John F. Kennedy Space Center

Florida, USA. Kennedy Space Center is an acceptable contraction. Mission control is usually at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, and Johnson Space Center is the acceptable contraction.

join together

“Join” will do.

jumbo jet

Loosely a large, wide-bodied airliner, specifically the Boeing 747.

junkie

Do not use for narcotics addict, unless in quotes.

justify

To defend. The prime minister tried to justify the decision, not the prime minister justified the decision.

This page was last modified 22:18, 20 June 2014.

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