- 1 raccoon
- 2 race
- 3 rack, wrack
- 4 racket
- 5 radical
- 6 Ramadan
- 7 rand
- 8 ranges
- 9 rape victims
- 10 rapt, wrapped
- 11 rarefied
- 12 ravage, ravish
- 13 razed to the ground
- 14 re-
- 15 realtor
- 16 reassure
- 17 rebut, refute
- 18 recession
- 19 reckless
- 20 reconnaissance
- 21 record
- 22 recur, recurring, recurred
- 23 Red Cross
- 24 re-elect, re-election
- 25 refer
- 26 referendum, referendums
- 27 refute
- 28 regime
- 29 register office, not registry office.
- 30 reins, reigns
- 31 reiterate again
- 32 relatively
- 33 religion, religious titles
- 34 religious terms
- 35 reluctant, reticent
- 36 remain, remained
- 37 remainder
- 38 rendezvous
- 39 repeat, repetition
- 40 repechage
- 41 repellent
- 42 replica
- 43 reported, reportedly
- 44 report
- 45 reports
- 46 requirements
- 47 resistible, irresistible
- 48 responsible
- 49 restaurateur
- 50 result in
- 51 Reuters name
- 52 reveal
- 53 revenue
- 54 Reverend
- 55 revert back
- 56 rhinoceros, rhinoceroses
- 57 Richter scale
- 58 rifle, riffle
- 59 right wing
- 60 rigmarole
- 61 road map
- 62 rock’n’roll
- 63 rocks
- 64 Rolls-Royce
- 65 Roma
- 66 Roman Catholic Church
- 67 Romania
- 68 Roman Numerals
- 69 roofs
- 70 roro
- 71 Rosh Hashanah
- 72 round up, roundup
- 73 round robin
- 74 rounding figures
- 75 row
- 76 royalty
- 77 rubber stamp, rubber-stamp
- 78 rule
- 79 run for office
- 80 rundown, run down
- 81 runner-up, runners-up
- 82 rush hour, rush-hour
- 83 rushed to hospital
Reuters stories should be free of conscious or unconscious racism. Avoid racial stereotyping and describe membership of a group, ethnicity or race precisely. For further guidance, go to the sections on value judgments and religious, cultural and national differences under Specialised Guidance.
Mention race or ethnicity only when relevant to the understanding of a story. For example, if someone is facing deportation, it is appropriate to give his or her nationality. Similarly, the ethnic origin of a person who receives racial threats or is the target of a racist attack is essential context.
Take care when reporting crimes and court cases. The race of an accused person is not usually relevant.
Clearly, race is an important factor in stories about racial controversy or immigration, or where an issue cuts across racial lines. For example, if European-born people join Tibetan exiles in demonstrations against China’s Tibet policy, this is a point worth mentioning.
Race is pertinent in reporting a feat or appointment unusual for a person of a particular ethnic group, for example someone born in China who becomes an international cricket umpire.
In the United States, the terms black and African-American are both acceptable. Black is fine as an adjective, eg "Obama will be the first black U.S. president". As a noun, the plural is acceptable where it might contrast with another group, eg doctors found differences between the treatment offered to whites and blacks. Do not use black as a singular noun -- it is both awkward and offensive. "Barack Obama would be the first black to become U.S. president" is unacceptable. Better to say "Barack Obama will become the first black U.S. president".
Native Spanish speakers in the United States may be referred to as Latino or Hispanic, but it is better to be specific (Colombian, Mexican). Also, some people from Latin America are not Hispanic, eg Brazilians.
As a general rule, use the term by which the people of a particular ethnic group describe themselves: Inuit (not Eskimo), Roma (not Gypsy), Sami (not Lapp), Native American (not Indian).
Capitalise the names of races and peoples: Asian, Jew, Hispanic. Note that black and white are lower case.
If a racially derogatory expression is used in a direct quote, this should be flagged at the top of the story:(Note racial slur in paragraph 12)
Use wrack only for seaweed and in the phrase wrack and ruin. Otherwise use rack, e.g. racked with pain.
Avoid this word in a political context.
The month of fasting when devout Muslims refrain from all food, drink or sex during daylight hours and focus on devotion and good works. The majority Sunnis fast between dawn and sunset, the Shia from dawn to dusk. The start and end of the month for most Islamic countries depends on the sighting of the new moon by the naked eye. It is the ninth and holiest month of the Islamic, lunar calendar. Eid al-Fitr is the holiday celebrated at the end of Ramadan.
No “s” in plural.
$22 million to $26 million, not $22 to $26 million.
In many countries it is illegal to report the names of victims of sexual crime. Standardise globally to say we do NOT name victims.
Rapt is entranced or wholly engrossed, wrapped is folded together or enfolded.
Ravage is to lay waste or pillage. Ravish is to abduct or to rape. You ravage a village and ravish a maiden.
razed to the ground
Tautologous. Razed will do.
If the second element of a word beginning with re- starts with an e, hyphenate, e.g. re-employ, re-elected.
Use real estate agenct
Use this word with caution. It means to give a new assurance. It does not mean (e.g. Hitler reassured Czechoslovakia that he had no designs on its territory) that the person to whom the assurance is given is necessarily reassured. Better to write again assured.
Use with care. Refute means to disprove, not to deny or reject. Rebut has a similar meaning, not just to argue against, so its use implies an editorial judgment. Avoid, except in quotes, unless we are really sure we are using them correctly. Deny or reject may be preferred.
A period of low economic activity with high unemployment and numerous business failures. There are varying definitions. In the United States it is two consecutive quarterly falls in gross domestic product.
By definition any record just set is new, so do not write a new world record.
recur, recurring, recurred
The Red Cross movement comprises: the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC); the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (formerly the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies); and more than 160 national societies around the world. Both the ICRC (founded in 1863 and still almost exclusively composed of Swiss citizens) and the federation (1919) are based in Geneva. The ICRC helps victims of war and internal conflicts. The federation, which groups the 160-plus national societies, brings relief to victims of natural disasters and helps care for refugees outside areas of conflict. The ICRC’s work in protecting wounded and sick servicemen, prisoners of war and civilians in times of armed conflict is based on international humanitarian law enshrined in the four Geneva conventions of 1949 and two protocols signed in 1977. Give the ICRC title in full at first reference; do not abbreviate to the 'International Red Cross’ since such a body does not exist. For the sake of brevity in a lead paragraph you can refer to a Red Cross official or spokesman as long as you make clear lower in the story which organisation he belongs to. See www.icrc.org and www.ifrc.org
Refer means to mention directly. Allude means to refer to in passing without making an explicit mention. He alluded to the sins of his past and referred to his criminal record.
Use with care. Refute means to disprove, not to deny or reject. Rebut has a similar meaning, not just to argue against, so its use implies an editorial judgment. Avoid, except in quotes, unless we are really sure we are using them correctly. Deny or reject may be preferred.
A word with negative overtones in a political context. Use government.
register office, not registry office.
Reins control a horse. A monarch reigns.
A tautology. Just reiterate will do.
Do not use unless in a comparison. Do not write He is relatively young. Compared to whom? He is younger than the rest of the team.
religion, religious titles
Religion: Names of divinities are capitalised but unspecific plurals are lower case, e.g. Allah, the Almighty, Christ, God, Jehovah, the Deity, the Holy Trinity, but the gods, the lords of the universe. Capitalise religious titles when they immediately precede a personal name, otherwise use lower case, e.g. Bishop Thaddeus Smith, Dean Robert Jones, but the bishop, the dean. Use only the simplest and best-known titles at first reference, e.g. the Rev. Jesse Jackson, Dr John Smith rather than the Right Rev. John Smith. Capitalise names of denominations and religious movements, e.g. Baptist, Buddhist, Christian, Church of England, Islamic, Jew, Jewish, Muslim, Orthodox. But non-denominational references are lower case, e.g. adult baptism, orthodox beliefs, built a temple. The Pope is head of the Roman Catholic Church or of the Church (that is, the whole body of Roman Catholics) but he would celebrate mass in a Roman Catholic church (that is, a building). A baptist is someone who baptises. A Baptist is a member of the Protestant denomination. With more than 20 separate Baptist church groups in the United States, it is incorrect to refer to the Baptist Church as a singular entity. The correct reference would be to Baptist Churches or to the specific Baptist group involved, e.g. the Southern Baptist Convention.
- abaya: Full-body overgarment worn by some Muslim women to cover all but their face, feet and hands. Most frequent in Arab countries.
- adhan:The Muslim call to prayer
- Anglican Communion: The worldwide association of Anglican and Episcopal churches. Not the Worldwide Anglican Communion.
- Baha'i faith: A syncretic religion that preaches the unity of all mankind and all spiritual beliefs. It recognises many major religious figures of history -- including Abraham, Moses, Buddha, Krishna, Zoroaster, Jesus, Mohammad and its founder Baha'ullah -- as authentic messengers of God helping to bring humanity to spiritual maturity. Divine revelation continues, according to their teaching, with the Baha'i faith being only the latest religion to emerge from it. The Baha'is, who claim about five million followers, began in 19th century Iran but have since spread around the world.
- The Baha'i faith emerged from Shi'ite Islam, but we should not refer to this origin when we describe it. Despite retaining some elements of Shi'ite Islam, the Baha'i faith also took in many other ideas that made it a separate religion on its own. Calling it an offshoot of Islam is like calling Christianity an offshoot of Judaism; it is correct in a very limited sense but misleading overall. The religious authorities in Shi'ite Iran consider the Baha'is heretics. The Baha'is accuse Iran of oppressing them.
- basilica: A major church with special status, not necessarily a cathedral, which is the church of a bishop.
- burqa: A one-piece head-to-toe covering for Muslim women, with a headband to hold it in place and a cloth mesh to cover the face but allow vision. Most frequent in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Some European languages use burqa for other kinds of covering, but avoid this usage.
- cardinal: Honorary title for Catholic clerics who elect the next pope if they are under 80. Most but not all are archbishops. New cardinals are made at a consistory.
- cathedral: Central church of a diocese and seat of the bishop. Not a generic term for any large church.
- chador: Full-length cloak for Muslim women that covers the head and body but leaves the face visible. Worn over a loose-fitting blouse and pants, it is open in front and held together by the wearer. Usually worn in Iran, mostly in black.
- Christian: Use as an overall term, but not as a substitute for a precise name of a denomination. If possible, it is perferable to name the denomination, e.g. Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Baptist, etc. Protestant and Orthodox are also overall terms and more precision, for example Methodist or Greek Orthodox, is preferable.
- church, Church: A church is a house of prayer or a denomination. Capitalise when used in a title. In a story about a single church, “the Church” can be used to refer to the whole denomination on second reference and “Church” can be used as an adjective to mean belonging to that church.
- Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: The Mormon church. “Mormon church” acceptable on first reference, but give the official title soon afterward.
- cult: Refers to a faith group far from the religious mainstream, implying a charismatic leader and possibly extreme views. Use very carefully.
- denomination: Term for the different Christian churches, usually used for Protestant churches. Catholics and Orthodox object to being called denominations.
- Eastern Catholic churches: Eastern Rite churches, the ancient Middle Eastern churches in communion with the Roman Catholic Church.
- ecumenism: Cooperation among Christian churches. “Inter-faith” refers to cooperation among religions.
- Episcopal Church, Episcopal, Episcopalian: The Episcopal Church is the U.S. branch of Anglicanism. “Episcopal” is the adjective referring to it and Episcopalian is the noun referring to its members. Do not refer to its members as “Episcopals”. This is one of the most frequent mistakes made on the religion file.
- evangelical: A term for Protestants who stress personal conversion (“born again”) and the authority of the Bible. Evangelicals embrace modern culture, even if they are socially conservative, while fundamentalists try to avoid what they see as sinful modern ways. Evangelicals are found in several churches. Note in Europe, especially Germany, evangelical is a general term for mainstream Protestant. Uppercase only when in a title.
- evangelism, evangelising: A neutral term for spreading the Gospel. Proselytise has negative connotations.
- evangelist: Originally, one of the four authors of the Gospels. Also, a preacher whose sermons aim to convert listeners to Christianity. If a cleric heads a church of already converted Christians, call him or her a preacher, not an evangelist.
- Father: For Catholic priests, only use if in a quote. Rev. is the proper title for a priest.
- fundamentalist: Originally refers to Protestants who stress the fundamentals of their faith and reject liberal interpretations. Often used for conservatives, especially for Muslims, but so overused that it is best avoided. Alternatives are traditionalist, orthodox, conservative, etc.
- Haj: Capitalise. A Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca
- headscarf: General term for Muslim women’s head covering, either the hijab (covering just the hair) or the niqab (covering the face but leaving the eyes open).
- hijab: Muslim headscarf for women to cover the hair but leave the face open. Some styles also cover the neck and shoulders.
- Mass: The central service of Catholic worship. It is celebrated or said
- Methodist churches: Methodist churches are Protestant churches that trace their origins to an 18th-century Church of England revival movement led by John Wesley. There are many separate churches in the Methodist family, which at about 75 million members worldwide is one of the largest Christian traditions. Some but not all Methodist churches are part of the evangelical movement. There are over 40 Methodist denominations in the United States, including the United Methodist Church (the largest) and several African-American Methodist churches. The Methodist Church of Great Britain is the largest one in the United Kingdom.
- minister: Term for a cleric in many Protestant denominations. It is not a title and should not be capitalised.
- Monsignor: An honorary Roman Catholic title that is better avoided because it has two meanings. In Romance languages, it tends to be a general honorific for all prelates, up to cardinal. In some other languages, it is used as a rank between priest and bishop. Use the cleric’s actual title (e.g. bishop, archbishop, cardinal) or Rev. if he is below episcopal rank.
- new religious movement: Neutral term to describe a faith group outside the religious mainstream.
- niqab: Muslim woman’s full head and face covering that leaves only the eyes open.
- Orthodox, orthodox: Capitalise in titles such as Orthodox Church or Orthodox Judaism. Lower case to denote strict adherence to the doctrines of a religion.
- pontiff: A synonym for the pope, always lower case.
- Pope, pope: Upper case for the title, e.g. Pope Benedict, but lower case for the term “the pope.”
- proselytise: To seek converts to a faith. Some Christian denominations say it has a negative connotation, implying the use of aggressive or unethical methods such as threats or rewards, and prefer “evangelise” as a more neutral term.
- Roman Catholic Church: Official title, although Catholic Church can also be used.
The head of the Roman Catholic Church is the pope. Refer to a reigning pope at first reference as e.g. Pope Benedict and at subsequent references as the pope or the pontiff. A reigning pope does not take Roman numerals after his name in Reuters copy unless to omit them would cause confusion. Past Church leaders should take Roman numerals after their name on first reference e.g. Pope Pius XII and may be referred to simply by their name e.g. Pius, on subsequent references unless to omit the numerals would cause confusion.
The pope’s closest advisers are known as cardinals, who are appointed by him. Those under 80 can enter a conclave to elect a new pope. At first reference Cardinal John Doe. At subsequent references the cardinal or Doe. A high-ranking member of the Church, such as a cardinal, an archbishop or a bishop, can be referred to subsequently as a prelate. It’s best to avoid the term monsignor since it means a rank between priest and bishop (e.g. Monsignor Martin Smith) in some countries but in others, especially Italy, France and Spain and in Latin America, it is a catchall title used for monsignors, bishops, archbishops and cardinals, e.g. the Archbishop of Bogota, Monsignor Enrique Perez. Avoid this usage also. Use Boston Archbishop Charles Dust. For priests, use Rev. John Doe, not Father John Doe (except in quotes). Do not use the Rev., Reverend or Most Reverend.
The Church hierarchy is: priest, pastor, pastor, bishop, archbishop, cardinal, pope. The Church government working in the Vatican is known as the Curia, which must be explained if used. The Vatican technically refers to the city-state in Rome and the Holy See to the Church’s central administration, but the terms have become interchangeable in common use. The Holy See’s ambassadors around the world are known as papal nuncios and its embassies as nunciatures. If the Holy See does not have formal diplomatic relations with a country the Pope’s envoy to the church in that country is an apostolic delegate.
- sect: A religious group that has broken off from a larger one. Use carefully as it has negative connotations. The neutral term is new religious movement.
- skullcap: Preferred generic term for small religious headpiece known as the Jewish kippa, Catholic zucchetto or Musilm kufi. Avoid yarmulke, which is a Yiddish term used mostly in the United States.
- temple: A non-Christian house of prayer. Some Jews use it for synagogue, but the latter is preferred.
- Unification Church: Founded by Rev. Sun Myung Moon in South Korea in 1954, the Unification Church is a religious movement that has expanded around the world and is believed to have up to three million members. Members have been dubbed "Moonies" by their critics, but this is a pejorative term which we should not use in copy and avoid in direct quotation if possible. The movements's goals include the defence of conservative family values and it regularly organises mass public weddings of couples brought together by the church. It has links to many businesses, especially in publishing (Washington Times, UPI), and has been accused by critics of being a cult, brainwashing members and enriching its leaders, all of which it denies. It teaches that Rev. Moon received private revelations from Jesus, Mosus and Buddha to fight communism and promote world peace. "Moonie" is a perjorative term for members of the Unification Church. We should not use it in copy and avoid it when possible in direct quotations.
- Virgin Mary: Use this title or the Madonna, not Our Lady except in titles such as Our Lady of Czestochowa or in the names of churches. In Catholicism, do not confuse the Virgin Birth (the dogma that Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus) with the Immaculate Conception (the dogma that Mary was the only human conceived without Original Sin).
Reluctant is unwilling or resisting. Reticent is sparing in communication. A gossip is reluctant to be reticent.
Avoid in leads. There is always a more lively way of phrasing.
Use the rest.
Singular and plural. Prefer meeting or appointment.
The noun is repetition, the verb is repeat. John Smith tried to avoid a repetition of his blunder, not a repeat of his blunder. Repeat again is tautologous unless something is being said or done more than twice. Just repeat will do.
In sport, a contest between runners-up, usually for a place in the final (especially in rowing).
An exact reproduction, in size and materials. Do not confuse with model.
If you use the word reported without stating the source at once, you must give it in the next sentence or paragraph. Do not use reportedly.
Report on, not into.
Do not refer to just to reports, unconfirmed or otherwise. Specify where the reports are coming from or originate.
needs is shorter and better.
Only people are responsible for the effects of their actions. Things cause things to happen. Drought caused famine, not was responsible for famine.
One who runs a restaurant.
Use a stronger, more direct verb, such as cause.
Reuters is used as the name of our news organisation and as an adjective, e.g. a Reuters correspondent.
If we need to describe the parent company in copy we should write Thomson Reuters, the global information company.
We should refer to Reuters in exclusive interviews ("told Reuters") and in stories about the news organisation, e.g. one mentioning the activities of AP, AFP and Reuters in covering a war.
Our style permits use of an apostrophe only in connection with the name of the news organisation's founder, e.g. Reuter’s birthplace in Kassel ... So write round the problem, e.g. The decision by Thomson Reuters to ... rather than Thomson Reuters decision to ...
Editorial policy is to use Thomson Reuters for all references to the company in the text of stories.
Use with caution. Use of the word implies (a) acceptance that the statement is true and (b) that the information had previously been kept secret, which may not be the case.
Capitalise religious titles when they immediately precede a personal name, otherwise use lower case, e.g. Bishop Thaddeus Smith, Dean Robert Jones, but the bishop, the dean. Use only the simplest and best-known titles at first reference, e.g. the Rev. Jesse Jackson, Dr John Smith rather than the Right Rev. John Smith.
Just revert will do.
Rifle is a weapon, or to plunder or ransack. Riffle is to stir lightly and rapidly.
A right-winger, a right-wing politician, but the right wing of the political spectrum. Use with caution, as with all political labels.
Americans throw rocks, but in most other places use throw stones.
The name of the people. Prefer to Gypsy, which is not used by the Roma themselves. Their language is Romany.
Roman Catholic Church
The head of the Roman Catholic Church is the Pope. Refer to a reigning Pope at first reference as e.g. Pope Benedict and at subsequent references as the pope or the pontiff. A reigning Pope does not take Roman numerals after his name unless to omit them would cause confusion. Past Church leaders should take Roman numerals after their name on first reference e.g. Pope Pius XII and may be referred to simply by their name e.g. Pius, on subsequent references unless to omit the numerals would cause confusion.
The Pope’s appoints cardinals, his closest advisers. Those under 80 can enter a conclave to elect a new Pope. At first reference Cardinal John Doe. At subsequent references the cardinal or Doe. A high-ranking member of the Church, such as a cardinal, an archbishop or a bishop, can be referred to subsequently as a prelate. Monsignor is someone who has a rank between priest and bishop, e.g. Monsignor Martin Smith. In some countries, such as Italy, France and Spain and in Latin America, monsignor is a catchall title used for monsignors, bishops, archbishops and cardinals, e.g. the Archbishop of Bogota, Monsignor Enrique Perez. Avoid this usage. Use Boston Archbishop Charles Dust. For priests, use Father John Doe. Do not use the Rev., Reverend or Most Reverend.
The Church hierarchy is: priest, monsignor, bishop, archbishop, cardinal, Pope. The Church government working in the Vatican is known as the Curia. Avoid using it as it needs to be explained. The Vatican technically refers to the city-state in Rome and the Holy See to the Church’s central administration, but the terms have become interchangeable in common use. The Holy See’s ambassadors around the world are known as papal nuncios and its embassies as nunciatures. If the Holy See does not have formal diplomatic relations with a country the Pope’s envoy to the church in that country is an apostolic delegate.
Roman Numeral to Decimal Conversion Table
| I || 1 || XXI || 21 || XLI || 41 || LXI || 61 || LXXXI || 81
| II || 2 || XXII || 22 || XLII || 42 || LXII || 62 || LXXXII || 82
| III || 3 || XXIII || 23 || XLIII || 43 || LXIII || 63 || LXXXIII || 83
| IV || 4 || XXIV || 24 || XLIV || 44 || LXIV || 64 || LXXXIV || 84
| V || 5 || XXV || 25 || XLV || 45 || LXV || 65 || LXXXV || 85
| VI || 6 || XXVI || 26 || XLVI || 46 || LXVI || 66 || LXXXVI || 86
| VII || 7 || XXVII || 27 || XLVII || 47 || LXVII || 67 || LXXXVII || 87
| VIII || 8 || XXVIII || 28 || XLVIII || 48 || LXVIII || 68 || LXXXVIII || 88
| IX || 9 || XXIX || 29 || XLIX || 49 || LXIX || 69 || LXXXIX || 89
| X || 10 || XXX || 30 || L || 50 || LXX || 70 || XC || 90
| XI || 11 || XXXI || 31 || LI || 51 || LXXI || 71 || XCI || 91
| XII || 12 || XXXII || 32 || LII || 52 || LXXII || 72 || XCII || 92
| XIII || 13 || XXXIII || 33 || LIII || 53 || LXXIII || 73 || XCIII || 93
| XIV || 14 || XXXIV || 34 || LIV || 54 || LXXIV || 74 || XCIV || 94
| XV || 15 || XXXV || 35 || LV || 55 || LXXV || 75 || XCV || 95
| XVI || 16 || XXXVI || 36 || LVI || 56 || LXXVI || 76 || XCVI || 96
| XVII || 17 || XXXVII || 37 || LVII || 57 || LXXVII || 77 || XCVII || 97
| XVIII || 18 || XXXVIII || 38 || LVIII || 58 || LXXVIII || 78 || XCVIII || 98
| XIX || 19 || XXXIX || 39 || LIX || 59 || LXXIX || 79 || XCIX || 99
| XX || 20 || XL || 40 || LX || 60 || LXXX || 80 || C || 100
| || || || || || || || || D || 500
| || || || || || || || || M || 1000
roll on/roll off vehicle ferry.
The Jewish New Year festival.
round up, roundup
Two words for the verb and one word for the noun.
Not a newsletter or circular, but a petition where the signatures are in a circle so no individual can be identified as the instigator.
Round off unwieldy figures, e.g. Japan produced 1.45 million cars in the six months ended ... not Japan produced 1,453,123 cars ... As a rule round off millions to the nearest 10,000, thousands to the nearest 100, hundreds to the nearest 10. Figures are normally rounded to two significant decimals, with halves rounded upwards. Thus 15.564 becomes 15.56, while 15.565 becomes 15.57.
Do not round interest rates. Give them to the full number of decimal places supplied by the source of the information. Round foreign exchange quotations to four decimal places, e.g. the dollar rose to 0.9784 euros. If a country adjusts its currency, any rate given must not be rounded off, e.g. Manchukistan announced a rate of 5.79831 manchuks to the dollar. Do not round company dividends, e.g. the company announced a dividend of 0.123456 pence per share. Where totals do not add up because of rounding, this should be explained.
Do not use for argument or dispute.
Retain the titles of rulers and their consorts at second reference, e.g. King Hussein, Queen Beatrix, the queen. The titles of other members of royal families can be dropped at second reference. In Britain, for instance, Queen Elizabeth’s husband is the Duke of Edinburgh, and at second reference the duke or Prince Philip. Her eldest son is Prince Charles, Prince of Wales. Either title can be used at first reference; then Charles or the prince. Use Roman numerals in referring to royalty, e.g. Charles I, Louis XIV not Charles 1st or Charles the First.
rubber stamp, rubber-stamp
Two words as a noun, hyphenated as a verb or adjective
A word with negative overtones in a political context. Use govern as a verb.
run for office
Use for candidates in a presidential election For those in a parliamentary one, say stand.
rundown, run down
Rundown is the noun (but prefer review or summary). The verb is run down and the adjective is run-down.
rush hour, rush-hour
Two words for the noun, hyphenated for the adjective.
rushed to hospital
A cliché. Use taken to hospital or treated in hospital.
Category: The Reuters General Style Guide
This page was last modified 02:26, 27 August 2009.