The world’s leading capitalist economies: Germany, Japan and the United States.


The five largest capitalist economies: the United States, Japan, Germany, France and the United Kingdom.


A forum for the world's leading industrial nations to meet and discuss policy. The G7 members are Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Britain and the United States. The G7 finance ministers and central bankers meet to discuss the economic outlook, exchange rate policy and financial markets.


The G7 countries plus Russia. Russia was invited to join the 1991 G7 summit, and its role has been gradually formalised. G8 meetings are limited to heads of state and government, discussing world affairs. Some issues at this level are still regarded as the preserve of the G7.


The G7 countries plus Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden. Subsequently joined by Switzerland to make 11 but still referred to as the G10. It works within the framework of the IMF to coordinate fiscal and monetary policies for a stable world economic system.


An informal group of developing countries formed to represent their interests in negotiations on international monetary matters. Eight members each from Africa, Asia and Latin America.


A private, nonprofit group of industry leaders, bankers, central bankers and academics who discuss and study international economic and financial market issues.


Originally established with 77 developing countries, but now considerably expanded, to help promote the views of developing countries on international trade and development within the United Nations.


Government Accountability Office (U.S.). Formerly the General Accounting Office .Can be abbreviated to GAO in headlines or on second reference.


Not Gabarone, Botswana.

gale-force winds

Redundant, since a gale is a strong wind.


To convert Imperial (British) gallons to liters, multiply by 4.546. To convert US gallons to liters, multiply by 3.785. To convert Imperial (British) gallons to US gallons multiply by 1.201. To convert US gallons to Imperial gallons, multiply by .0833


Not the Gambia, West Africa.


Not simply an opening move (in chess or metaphorically) but one that involves a sacrifice or concession. “Opening gambit” is tautological.


Not Ghandi.


The American gasoline, meaning motor fuel, is referred to as petrol in Europe. Do not use “gas” as a synonym for “gasoline”; it could cause ambiguity. Similarly use natural gas, not gas.


Preferred over homosexual to refer to men and women attracted to people of the same sex. Lesbian commonly used when just referring to gay women. It is preferable to use lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender in place of the frequently used acronym LGBT, used to describe groups and issues affecting those communities, but LGBT and LGBTQ are acceptable acronyms on first reference.


An indicator of a company's ability to service its debt. Explain if used in financial stories, but best avoided. See gearing.


See gross domestic product.


People generally have a clear sense of their own gender, sometimes called gender identity, which may conflict with their sex at birth. When in doubt, ask people what gender pronouns they prefer. Respect their wishes if they ask not to be identified as either male or female. If it’s not possible to ask their preference, use pronouns that are most consistent with the way they present themselves. Do not use quotation marks around names or pronouns used for transgender or gender-nonconforming people. See transgender.


Capitalise. Generally, in Judaism any person not Jewish. In Mormonism, anyone not a Mormon.

generation first/second

Take care when using to qualify to immigrants, since both terms are ambiguous. First-generation immigrants can mean either people who have immigrated or the children of immigrants. Similarly, second-generation immigrants may be those whose parents immigrated or whose grandparents did so.

German spellings

See umlaut.

get, got

There is always a stronger verb. Find it and use it.


In general, avoid this adjective or noun in favour of something more precise.


Do not use indiscriminately as a synonym for the sections of cities inhabited by minorities or the poor. Ghetto often has a connotation that government decree has forced people to live in a certain area. In most cases, "section", "district", "slum area" or "quarter" is a less emotive word.


Any female older than 18 is a woman, not a girl. Use “woman,” not “lady.” A male older than 18 is a man.


Beware of excessive use. “Global” is correct for the threat of global warming, i.e., something that affects the whole globe. However, companies sometimes talk of their global network, an exaggeration unless they are represented in all the business centres on the globe. Try using “world” instead.

global warming

The terms global warming and climate change can usually be used interchangeably. Climate change is more accurate scientifically as a description of the various effects of greenhouse gases on the world because it includes extreme weather, storms and changes in rainfall patterns, ocean acidification and sea level, but global warming as a term is more common and understandable to the public.

GMT – Greenwich Mean Time

As the international standard, it is not spelled out but should be capitalised. Western military forces use Zulu to mean GMT. Given Reuters is usually writing for a global readership, It is often necessary to convert a local time into GMT, e.g., 8:30 a. m. (1330 GMT). The conversion should also be given when previewing important events or statements by major figures, e.g., Smith to hold news conference at 0800 EST (1300 GMT). Also known at UTC from the French "temps universel coordonné" or universal coordinated time which is the same as GMT.


See gross national product.

God, gods

Capitalise God when referring to the God of any monotheistic religion. Lowercase any pronoun references. Lowercase gods and goddesses for polytheistic religions. See religious titles [1]

golden share

See golden share.

Golden Week

A series of Japanese national holidays from late April to early May. Starts with Greenery Day on April 29 and ends with Children’s Day on May 5. Avoid calling it holiday-studded.

Good Friday

The Friday before Easter Sunday. A day on which Christians commemorate the Crucifixion of Jesus. Good Friday means “holy Friday.”

good news, bad news

Avoid suggesting this in stories as there are often two sides to stories. For financial and commodity markets news may be good for buyers or bad for sellersgood news.


Capitalise for a specific reference to the books of the New Testament, the Gospels, the Gospel of St Luke. Lower case for gospel music.


Other than in the expression “corporate governance,” meaning the rules governing the conduct of companies’ affairs, this is often used to mean simply government, which is preferable.

government, junta, regime, administration

A government is an established system of political administration. A junta or regime is a group or council that often rules after a military coup or revolution. A junta may become a government after it establishes a system of political administration.

Government Accountability Office (U.S.)

Formerly the General Accounting Office .Can be abbreviated to GAO in headlines or at second reference.

governor-general, governors-general

Note hyphen.


Not gramme. The basic unit of mass in the metric system. It is equal to approximately one-twenty-eighth of an ounce. To convert to ounces, multiply by .035 (86 grams x .035 equals 3 ounces). For kilogram, use kg (no full stop/period, same singular and plural) at all references. Convert to ounces for weights up to 400 grams, to pounds for larger weights.


a, an – Use “a” before a word that begins with the sound of a consonant, e.g., a historian, a hotel, a hysterectomy, a NATO member. Use “an” before a word that begins with the sound of a vowel, e.g., an heir, an honour, an OPEC member.

adjectives – Use sparingly. Avoid adjectives that imply a Reuters judgement, e.g., a hard-line speech, a glowing tribute, a staunch conservative. Some people might consider the speech moderate, the tribute fulsome or the conservative a die-hard reactionary. When using an adjective and a noun together as an adjective, hyphenate them if it prevents the reader from hesitating over a possible ambiguity: “a blue-chip share” is quicker to grasp even though in context one is unlikely to wonder whether a chip share that is blue is meant. Similarly, “high-caste Hindus.” When using an adjective and the past participle of a verb together adjectivally, hyphenate them, e.g. old-fashioned morality, rose-tinted spectacles. Do not hyphenate an adverb and adjective when they stand alone unless your dictionary says otherwise (e.g., Merriam-Webster: well-known). If the adverb and adjective are paired to form a new adjective, they are hyphenated: a well-known artist.

adverbs – Put the adverb between the auxiliary verb and the past participle, e.g., France has already refused... not France already has refused ...

as, like – as compares verbs, like compares nouns. He fought as a hero should. But: He acted like a hero.

collective nouns – Most collective nouns and names of countries, governments, organisations and companies are followed by singular verbs and singular neuter pronouns, e.g., The government, which is studying the problem, said it. As a general rule, if the focus is on the collective entity, use a singular verb; if on the individuals, a plural (the couple is suing the state for negligence. The police, musical groups, and sports teams take plural verbs and pronouns.

split infinitives – The taboo is based on a false analogy with Latin, where infinitives are one word. In English good writers (Samuel Pepys, Abraham Lincoln) have been splitting them since the 14th century. Do what sounds best.

that, which – Use “that” in clauses that mean to restrict the term: the mortgage meltdown that led to the financial crisis (as opposed to another mortgage meltdown). Reserve “which” for nonrestrictive clauses: the mortgage meltdown, which began in YEAR TK…” Avoid the unnecessary use of “that,” as in, “He said that he was going to ...,” but make sure you are not setting up the reader for an initial confusion: “I believe the economic forecast was self-fulfilling.”

who, whom – who is the subject, whom the object of a verb. As a rough guide as to which word to use, substitute “he” or “him” for the “who” or “whom” and see which makes sense. In a prepositional phrase, pick the word according to how it functions within the whole clause: “Wordsworth would read his poems to [whoever/whomever would listen].” The subject of the clause must be in the subjective case—so, “whoever would listen.”


Not Grammies. And while “Best New Artist” (etc.) is not the official name of the award, we follow common usage and capitalise.

grand jury

In the U.S. judicial system, a grand jury's main function is to review evidence presented by a prosecutor and determine whether there is probable cause to return an indictment. Under the Constitution, a grand jury indictment is required for federal criminal charges. Only about half the states' judicial systems use grand juries. See U.S. courts.

Grand Prix. Grands Prix

Capitalise in the title of a race or event, e.g., Monaco Grand Prix, but lower-case generally, e.g., Michael Schumacher won his first grand prix. The plural is grands prix.

grand slam

Capitalize in description of tennis tournaments..The Grand Slam tournaments, also called Majors, are the four most important annual world tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money, and public and media attention. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open in May/June, Wimbledon in June/July, and the US Open in August/September.

Great Britain

Use Britain. Comprises England, Scotland and Wales. The United Kingdom comprises Great Britain, or Britain, and Northern Ireland. As between United Kingdom and Britain, use Britain unless the Irish context is important. See United Kingdom.

Great Depression

The Great Depression (1929-39) was the most severe and longest-lasting economic downturn in the 20th century. Between 1929 and 1932, worldwide GDP fell by an estimated 15 percent. By comparison, worldwide GDP fell by less than 1.0 percent from 2008 to 2009 during the world financial crisis sometimes called the Great Recession by comparison. Some economies started to recover by the mid-1930s, but in many countries, the negative effects of the Great Depression lasted until the beginning of World War Two. Personal income, tax revenue, profits and prices dropped, while international trade plunged by more than 50 percent. Unemployment in the U.S. rose to 25 percent and in some countries rose as high as 33 percent.

grisly, grizzly

Grisly means gruesome, or horrifying. Grizzly means grayish or is a short form for grizzly bear.

gross domestic product

May be expressed as GDP in a headline and at first reference, but copy should spell out the full explanation on second reference. It is the total monetary value of all goods and services produced within a country. GDP does not include income from overseas investments and earnings or from remittances from nationals working abroad. Use in preference to GNP. Usually referred to in the context of GDP growth in per cent. Often just called economic growth, but this term needs to be spelled out. GDP per capita may be used to compare countries.

ground rules

Rules that apply in particular circumstances, not general or basic rules.


Farmers grow crops; shipments will grow. A company does not grow its business; companies do not grow revenues.


A member of a band of irregular soldiers that uses unorthodox tactics, harassing the enemy with surprise raids, sabotaging communication and supply lines, etc.


Use "Gulf" alone for the Middle East Gulf as the most neutral reference. Avoid either "Arabian Gulf" or "Persian Gulf" unless you want to take sides in an Arab-Persian semantic and political dispute. Write the "Gulf of Mexico" in full at first reference.


Do not use when referring to the Roma people. See Roma. Do not capitalise when used generically to describe someone who is constantly on the move, e.g., “She led the life of a gypsy.”   .

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